Dermoid Cyst: Disgusting Disease In The Children's World!

Published - Sun, Dec 3, 2023 10:52 PM
Author : Mohit Pandey

A dermoid cyst is a normal tissue growth that has a cell sac or pocket surrounding it. Also, this tissue grows in an unexpected place under your skin. To clarify, dermoid is the term for a skin-like substance. A cyst is a bulge or mound that may hold fluid or another substance.

Dermoid cysts often contain a yellow, oily substance, but they can also contain skin, sweat glands, hair, nerves, and bone. Although it may initially appear to be a tumor, these cysts are mostly harmless. It may require surgery to remove you or your child. It is not going away by itself.

Dermoid Cyst

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Over 80% of dermoid cysts are present on the head or neck. Periorbital dermoid cysts are the most prevalent kind. Additionally, this kind of cyst develops close to one of your eyebrows' outer edges. Other typical forms of dermoid cysts consist of:

  • Ovarian dermoid cyst: Develops inside or on top of your ovary.
  • Spinal dermoid cyst: Develops on the backbone.

A dermoid cyst can affect anyone. Although doctors diagnose roughly 7 out of 10 cases in children under the age of five. Medical doctors detect four out of ten cases of dermoid cysts during birth.

Dermoid Cyst

Why Does It Occur?

Congenital dermoid cysts are those that exist from birth. When skin layers don't grow together properly, cysts like this develop. This occurs in the initial phases of development of cysts. To clarify, skin cells, tissues, and glands come together in a sac to produce a dermoid cyst.

These glands keep releasing fluid, which frequently leads to the cyst's growth. The only proven treatment for any kind of dermoid cyst is surgical excision. The kind of dermoid cyst will determine the type of surgery needed:

Periorbital Type: Your doctor administers a topical anesthetic and cleans the affected area. They make a little incision and remove the cyst. To allow the wound to heal with the least amount of scarring possible, they sew it shut.

Ovarian Type: To remove the cyst without extracting your ovaries, your doctor could do minimally invasive surgery (ovarian cystectomy). You might require the removal of both of your ovaries if the cyst is huge.

Spinal Type: To remove the cyst, your physician will employ precise instruments and a surgical microscope. Microsurgery is the term for this procedure. You remain face down throughout the procedure to allow your surgeon optimal access.

Dermoid Cyst


Although dermoid cysts are often benign, their size and location can sometimes lead to difficulties. Consult your healthcare professional about the best course of action if you or your child develops a dermoid cyst. Also, your doctor may often remove a dermoid cyst surgically. Removal of the cyst may lower the likelihood of developing symptoms later on.

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